Judges 14-16



he Samson cycle Richard Elliott Friedman in The Hidden Book in the Bible attributes to J, remarkably because the word ‘hate,’ sânê’, of which Delilah accuses Samson of harboring for her, shows up frequently in J documents (Gn 24.60; 26.27; 29.31, 33; 37.5, 8; Nm 10.35). This is the Read More

Judges 4


t naturally follows after the story of Achsah, a story that promotes feminism and the worship of Asherah, that the next J document would be about Jael, the woman who nailed the captain of the enemy of Israel in his noggin and saved Israel. The J scribes wrote the … Read More

Judges 1


udges 1 is a conflated text that combines J Source documents with patriarchal documents. In The Hidden Book of the Bible Richard Elliott Friedman fails to attribute to the J Source any of Jgs 1, but we identify some of Jgs 1 as J documents. The first reason we … Read More

The Conclusion of the J Source Documents in Joshua


ow about Jo 13.1-13, which, in The Hidden Book in the Bible, Richard Elliott Friedman attributes to the J Source: It is unlikely the J scribes are the authors, except, perhaps, for the phrase “Joshua was old and stricken in years,” ‘old and stricken’ appearing in J (Gn … Read More

Joshua’s Wars and the J Source


lthough in The Hidden Book of the Bible Richard Elliott Friedman attributes Joshua 8.1-29 to the J Source, I disagree. I disagree because the J documents are subversive, which Jo 8.1-29 is not. As Friedman argues, an author’s worked is often identified by linguistic parallels, meaning the Source chooses … Read More